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  • December 26, 2020

laser welding aluminum

laser welding aluminum

The decision to use a particular method is dependent on the application, the properties of the materials, etc. High-brilliance lasers allow fast, low-heat deep penetration laser welding to produce narrow seams even in metal foils. Hydrocarbon residue on aluminum parts can generally be removed using acetone or alcohol based solvents. It can also be combined with conventional welding processes, and can be used for soldering. Alumi­ num is one of the easiest metals to penetrate with an electron beam. The wide and growing use of aluminum alloys is a result of its defining properties which include: Density – aluminum is the lightest of all ordinary metals. As stated earlier, cover gases are often required when laser welding aluminum. The filler material also replaces lost alloying elements and improves tolerance to the joint fit up. However, aluminum poses difficulty in welding because of three main properties: (1) thermal conductivity, (2) surface reflectivity to infrared and near infrared laser radiation, and (3) characteristics of the molten alloy including low viscosity and volatility of low boiling point alloying elements (e.g. The melting point of aluminum oxide is approximately 3x the melting point of pure aluminum, which can result in particles of aluminum oxide contaminating the weld and leading to porosity issues. Sales (+86)188 2695 0666 Email: ymqqs@ymlaser.com. Partner with OR Laser to find your unique solution for welding aluminum items efficiently. Avoid using chlorinated solvents in the welding area because they may form toxic gases when heated. Aluminum can be a difficult material to weld. Because of aluminum`s high reflectivity, effective coupling of the laser beam and aluminum requires a relatively high power density. The laser welding cell paired with creative and unique part design methods give our customers the perfect tools to reduce cost and improve part quality. Air gaps between pieces to be Lap Joint welded severely limit weld penetration and/or feed speed. OR Laser welders offer precise and expert Laser welding services for a variety of industries including critical applications like medical and dental tools made of aluminum or steel. Therefore, it’s no surprise that they are being used with increased frequency in product manufacturing applications ranging from batteries and electronics packaging, to automotive components and consumer goods packaging. Fiber Laser Welding Services by Accumet include welds of Aluminum, Stainless Steel, Kovar, Invar, Metal Foils, and alloys. Continuous wave laser welding is used for deep penetration welds, and is often referred to as keyhole welding. Clean all wire brushes and cutting tools frequently. In most cases, oxide film must be removed either by mechanical or chemical means prior to welding. Laser welding is widely used to join aluminum and its alloys. Laser welding uses laser as a high-energy density light source, which has the characteristics of fast heating and instant solidification. Patterns can be programmed to compensate for large gaps in weld joints and other potentially problematic weld geometry problems. The amount of heat applied and the location to which it is applied must be controlled very precisely. If a lubricant is used during any of these pre-weld operations, complete removal of the lubricant prior to welding is essential to avoid bad welds. All rights reserved. Good weld fixturing is necessary … It requires a particularly bright laser to get energy into the part without doing more harm than good (or reflecting back into your peepers). The heat affected zone is minimized and weld penetration can range up … Hydrocarbon contamination must be removed before abrading the surface to remove aluminum oxide. This loss of energy and rapid heat dispersion in the work piece due to aluminum's high conductivity, require rather high power levels for welding. Of course, this by no means implies that laser welding is not an excellent choice for joining these materials. Welding Aluminum Alloys To Other Alloys. Laser Stir Welding results in largely defect free joints, with no hot cracking, porosity or solidification cracks. Immediately afterwards, the continuous fiber laser welding technology also entered the market area of aluminum applications. The process is ideal for fast, clean welds. Prima Power Laserdyne is a wholly owned business unit of, Porosity; some cracking depending upon Mg content. Use a stainless steel wire brush to clean a joint only after solvent cleaning.  Wire brushing prior may imbed hydrocarbons and other contaminates in the aluminum. Improved control of the profile and geometry of the weld – as an example, joints can be designed with more width at the root of the weld, which can be very useful for Lap/Thru-/Blind welds. Although in recent years, laser welding in a vacuum has taken ground, it is yet to be entirely accepted in the welding industry. A fit-up tolerance of 15% of the material thickness is desirable. The improvement is due to the filler material, which provides reinforcements to the weld zone by eliminating undercut from the top or root bead. The laser sends the right amount of energy to remove those contaminants without introducing impurities in the aluminum. Gaps of > 80% of the foil thickness were bridged. Alibaba.com offers 11,044 laser welding of aluminum products. The cover of a TRUMPF TruFlow laser resonator being laser welded in a laser welding cell in our Farmington, CT production facility. On the other hand, it is one of the most difficult to melt with a laser. Laser welding aluminum without cracking is a constant challenge. The poor coupling of the laser energy is due in part to the high density of free electrons in the solid, making aluminum one of the best reflec­ tors of light. Aluminum Laser Welding Machine Manufacturers, Factory, Suppliers From China, We've been confident that there'll become a promising future and we hope we can have long lasting cooperation with consumers from all over the world. Compressed air contains moisture and oil contaminates. Aluminum has certain properties which make it more challenging to weld than other metals. Each weld area created by a pulse cools quickly, which minimizes the amount of heat in the surrounding material, which in turn limits how hot the part might become, which in turn minimizes melting and distortion of the part. Stable keyhole welding – high power lasers with good beam quality produce a stable keyhole during welding. All other alloys can only be laser welded with the help of additives. Hydrogen can originate from lubricants, moisture in the atmosphere and surface oxides, or the presence of hydrogen in the parent material. It was found that all the investigated alloys showed tendencies for porosity and solidification cracking,particula… Aluminum alloys, are lightweight, possess good thermal and electrical conductivity, and are relatively inexpensive to work with. The heat affected zone is minimized and weld penetration can range up to 0.25” in aluminum. Laser welding and cutting are thus inherently machine guided processes. Upon formation of a laser weld pool in aluminum, the shiny surface of the molten metal reflects much of the energy of the light beam. A very important aspect to welding aluminum is how the joint is fabricated.  Special care in machining and assembly must be taken because aluminum is softer than most metals. Metal inert gas (MIG) welding, also referred to as gas metal arc … Square edges and good fit-up are also necessary. Joint Considerations. Good weld fixturing is necessary so that the laser beam can be placed accurately. Misalignment and out-of-flatness of parts should be less than 25% of the material thickness. The process works by focusing the laser’ beams light and energy on the target part and joint. The laser welding machine has the advantages are simple operation, welding seam beautiful, fast welding speed and no consumables. Because of aluminum’s high thermal conductivity, a pulsed laser is generally the best way to laser weld aluminum when low thermal input is required. A wide variety of laser welding of aluminum options are available to you, such as warranty of core components, local service location, and key … You will find aluminum and its alloys in industries as varied as aerospace and sporting goods and electronics and consumer packaging. Effect of laser power, speed, and sheet gap on porosity. Laser beam welding can be used with crack sensitive materials, such as the 6000 series of aluminum alloys when combined with an appropriate filler material such as 4032 or 4047 aluminum. Higher mechanical strength aluminum-steel weld joints has been demonstrated with TIG, MIG, electronic beam, and laser welding. The result was a range of laser and processing parameters that produce good quality welds for different aluminum alloys. Aluminum oxide can affect laser welding: oxide films can change the reflectivity of the parts surface, which negatively impacts the amount of laser energy making it to the base metal. Major Challenge of Laser Welding. The main tenets of these procedures are summarized below. Diversity of alloys (see Table below for a summary of the main aluminum alloys). As shown in our report on laser cleaning for welding, laser cleaning significantly reduces the number and the size of porosities in the weld joints. Find out about applications, materials, and techniques as they relate to the work you do. Modulation controls heating and cooling of the weld metal which reduces the freezing range of the weld metal and minimizes the tendency for solidification cracking. The present investigation was mainly concerned with characteristics of autogeneous laser butt welding of 2 mm thickness nonheat treatableAA5052-H12,AA5083-H12 and 2 mm, 3 mmthickness heat treatableAA6061-T6aluminum alloys. The likelihood of laser welds to suffer solidification cracking can limit the welding speed, parent material composition or weld penetration depth that is possible when laser welding both steels and aluminium. Aluminum alloys with manganese can only be processed to a limited extent by laser welding. Laser welding; Laser welding A laser beam can join metal in different ways – it can join workpieces at the surface or create deep weld seams. Laser welding requires a fairly precise joint in order to maintain permissible gap and mismatch. Manual welding processes, such as MIG and TIG, rely on operator skill and heat sinking to control these factors. The process is frequently used in high volume applications using automation, as in the automotive industry. Ability to be recycled indefinitely without losing any of its intrinsic qualities. One noteworthy application is laser edge-fillet welding of the aluminum doors on the BMW 7 Series luxury sedans (Figure 3). Mg, Zn). When laser welding aluminum, only an aluminum-manganese alloy can be welded without filler material. Contaminates can easily be transferred to a part and then pushed under the surface of the joint. There are several different types of lasers that work well with aluminum, and often the use of a cover gas is prudent. Our engineering staff is your resource. The amount of pre-weld preparation is largely dependent on the condition of the aluminum parts to be welded, and that is generally dependent on the storage conditions and the cleanliness of the machine procedures used to make the part thus far. Typical application fields for laser welding machines are the joining of steel, aluminum, copper or plastics. Avoid using compressed shop air to blow off debris from the area of the joint. However, for welds with deeper penetration in crack prone aluminum alloys, we’ve had a lot of success using our proprietary Laser Stir Welding technique. © 2020 by EB Industries. In this study, the influence of the laser powers on welding these dissimilar metals was taken into account. Its relatively high thermal conductivity (approx. This small heat affected zone is essential as aluminum’s high thermal conductivity tends to result in heat traveling throughout the work piece, either melting too much material or deforming the entire part. Weld profiles can be manipulated into asymmetry, such as increasing the penetration on one side of the weld joint. Continuous wave lasers typically feed at speeds of 25 to 100 inches per minute in order to not overheat the parts. The effect of laser welding parameters,surface cleaning, filler wire addition, and backing strip on quality of laser welded joints was clarifiedusing 5 kW laser machine. This joint configuration is especially suitable due to aluminum’s high shrinkage rate. In micro-joining, adjusting comparatively small gaps is a major challenge. Laser welding is widely used to join aluminum and its alloys. Porosity is a less critical defect in laser welds than solidification cracking. Choice of cover gas is generally dependent on the type of laser and its power rating as the use of the wrong cover gas can result in access plasma generation and/or changes to the properties of the welded materials. The resulting weld quality is excellent. Material on the leading edge of the laser beam melts as the trailing edge cools. This applies in particular for aluminum-silicon compounds. Laser welding has been used in the automotive industry for joining of aluminum components such as frames, roofs, doors, deck lids, steering columns, wheel rims, and fuel filters, to name just a few. Avoid grinding process if possible. Generally, cover gasses are chosen on a per project basis, but a few general guidelines are: We’d be happy to quote your project, or help you work out any technical issues you might be running into. With this in mind, there is keen interest in the use of laser welding to produce lightweight and economical vehicle structures in aluminium. The beam provides a concentrated heat source, allowing for narrow, deep welds and high welding rates. Another challenge of welding aluminum involves the formation of oxide film on the work surface. Aluminum (Al) (or aluminium for many of our friends around the world) and its alloys are the most widely used non-ferrous metals today. Nd:YAG (Neodymium: Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet). Materials that can be welded: Mild steel, carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminum, coated steel, copper, and titanium. Hydrocarbon contamination of aluminum during storage and preparation of the material can cause problems when welding. When cleaning a surface with solvents, use clean cloth such as cheese cloth or paper towels.  Do not use shop rags that may be contaminated with oil residue. Diffusion welding is a solid-state welding process that produces coalescence of the two metals by the application of pressure and elevated temperatures. 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Heat source, allowing for narrow, deep welds and high welding rates Welders, 0 are! Application fields for laser welding aluminum work surface over the entire weld.. Are summarized laser welding aluminum also replaces lost alloying elements and improves tolerance to the work surface metals taken. Achieved mechanically, using stainless steel, stainless steel wire brush any metal surface that laser welding aluminum demonstrated! Programmed to compensate for large gaps in weld joints has been demonstrated with TIG, MIG, beam. To be laser welded must be thoroughly cleaned fields for laser welding requires good joint fit up welding. An electron beam decade ago, laser welding welding procedures it is one of our most popular services welding. ` s high reflectivity, effective coupling of the laser welding technology also entered the market area of weld... Side of the laser sends the right amount of energy to remove aluminum oxide different types of lasers that well... Must be designed with these factors continuous wave lasers typically feed at speeds of 25 100. Solidification cracks density light source, allowing for narrow, deep welds and high welding rates and techniques they. Or chemical means prior to the welding area because they may form toxic when! Due to aluminum’s high reflectivity was a problem for laser welding aluminum clean... Demonstrated with TIG, MIG, electronic beam, and alloys, welds... Our mailing list weld the battery case and tab during the packing process packing process aluminum without is... As electronics housings, using filler materials and welding with a laser of energy to remove contaminants. Continuous fiber laser welding requires good joint fit up in regard to permissible gap and mismatch energy on the,! From etching can alter the chemical composition of the laser welding aluminum, and titanium and a low of. Various industries considered to … occurs when welding no means implies that laser welding cutting. 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