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  • December 26, 2020

anti tank gun bullet

anti tank gun bullet

The propellant consists of 28.8 g smokeless powder with seven tubes, designated as "5/7NA powder". A large amount of recoil is incurred by sustained fire, and this negatively impacts accuracy at long ranges. All dimensions in millimeters (mm). D 2030 – 8,8 cm Panzerjägerkanone 43/2 (L/71), Beschreibung, 28 January 1944. The batteries began arriving in Italy a few days after Italy entered the war, and were initially assigned in part to the Milizia Volontaria per la Sicurezza Nazionale (Voluntary Militia for National Security, MACA), for the protection of the Italian main cities and partly sent in Libya, for the protection of ports. Radio Equipment 14. The M1918 was conceptually very simple: a bolt-action weapon just … The common rifling twist rate for this cartridge is 455 mm (1 in 17.91 in), 8 grooves, Ø lands = 14.50 mm, Ø grooves = 14.95 mm. "tank and aircraft", known also as 13.2×92mmSR) cartridge, was a major step in the development of anti-tank cartridges, being the first one designed for the sole purpose of destroying armored targets. Lulu Publishing. DGE02: APHEI cartridges weigh between 175 and 188 g. At 1,000 m it is quoted as having a 90 percent chance of being able to penetrate 15 mm of armour plate set at 30°. [citation needed] On July 18 and 19 1944 a Luftwaffe 8.8 cm anti-aircraft battery was re-purposed by then Major Hans von Luck to attack British tanks near Cagny taking part in Operation Goodwood. Le Grand Bunker "Musée du Mur de l´Atlantique", Musée du Débarquement, Arromanches-les-Bains, Luftwaffenmuseum der Bundeswehr, Berlin-Gatow, Muzeum Śląskie (Silesian Museum), Katowice, Poland. Indeed, with the automatic loading system, the gun layers' job was to keep the gun barrel trained on the target area based on the signals from the controller. Development of the original model led to a wide variety of guns. [citation needed] While the US and Italian 90 mm were also used as anti-tank guns—the American gun being in use on their M36 tank destroyer and M26 Pershing heavy tank—their use was considerably more limited than the German 88 due to German tanks being primarily used defensively by 1944 and allied tanks being used en masse for the attack. A simple-to-operate "semi-automatic" loading system ejected fired shells, allowing it to be reloaded by simply inserting a new shell into a tray. [9], Throughout the entire war, the majority of 88 mm guns were used in their original anti-aircraft role. [9] The Battle of France also saw the introduction of vehicle-mounted 8.8 cm Flak 18s, the so-called "Bunkerknacker" on the Sd.Kfz. [N 4] It totaled 12 such guns on average, supplemented by light guns. Widespread production started with the Nazi rise to power in 1933, and the Flak 18 was available in small numbers when Germany intervened in the Spanish Civil War. Out of this necessity came the Rifle, Anti-Tank, .55in, Boys. Bad weather grounded the main bomber force, but the assault succeeded, mainly because of the concentrated and accurate fire of the supporting 88 mm guns. The Panzer III's 37 mm was considered a good anti-tank gun in 1940. The M41 works well for … Flak German Anti Aircraft Defenses 1914–45. It quickly proved to be the best anti-aircraft weapon then available. Light Vehicles 3. At the end of 1940, 44 pieces and relative firing stations were available. The KwK 36 (abbreviation of Kampfwagenkanone 36) was a tank gun developed and built by Krupp in parallel to the Flak 36, with which it shared ammunition and ballistics. Thousands of 88 mm guns were produced throughout the war in various models and mounts. Armoured & Tracked 2. The 8.8 cm Flak performed well in its original role of an anti-aircraft gun and it proved to be a superb anti-tank gun as well. As the MG 18 machine gun was being developed, an anti-tank rifle was also proposed. The Flak 18/36/37 was roughly comparable to its Italian and Allied counterparts. This video is unavailable. Greece had at least 24 guns (8.8) that were used against the Regia Aeronautica during the Italian invasion of Greece in 1940. The Lahti L-39 is a Finnish 20mm anti-tank rifle used during World War II. The 79th Field Artillery Battalion (Provisional) was formed from personnel of the 79th and 179th Field Artillery Groups to fire captured German artillery pieces at the height of an ammunition shortage. These shields could be retro-fitted on older Flak 18s as well. [9], Because of problems in service, the guns were almost exclusively used in Germany where they could be properly maintained and serviced. In informal use, the guns were universally known as the Acht-acht ("eight-eight") by Germans and the "eighty-eight" by the Allies. armour-piercing and high-explosive anti-tank against tanks and other armored vehicles. [19] Erwin Rommel's use of the gun to blunt the British counterattack at Arras ended any hope of a breakout from the encirclement of May 1940. This gave it the mass required to punch through armour, whilst the large propellant charge provided the necessary velocity. In 1937, the Chinese Nationalist Government imported 20 Flak 18 guns and used them to defend the fortifications along the Yangtze River. [25] In addition to the cannons that arrived for the canals established in 1940, in 1943, 24 pieces and their tractors were transferred to Italy intended for equipping the 1ª Divisione corazzata "M" (1st Armored Division "M"). The earliest and most simple anti-tank shell was the basic armor piercing, or AP, shell. [citation needed]. The weight of the gun meant that only large vehicles could move it, the Sd.Kfz. Jeeps 4. BS: Armor-piercing incendiary original anti-tank round. "[9] It featured a lower silhouette on its turntable mounting than did the 8.8-cm Flak 18/36/37 on its pedestal mounting. On 14 September 1942, Flak-Abt. The resulting piece was 74 calibers long (78 with the muzzle brake). Not only is it possible, it was actually made: Meet the Sturmpistole, or “Assault pistol”, made by the Nazis sometime during or before the Second World War. Problems with the multi-part barrel construction of the Flak 37 were encountered and a new barrel based on the monoblock construction of the Flak 18 was designed. These cannons played an important role against Soviet air raids in Helsinki in February 1944. It allowed general area fire without line of sight, but had poor accuracy compared to the visual systems. [citation needed] High explosive ammunition was used against aircraft and personnel, and [9] The 8.8 cm Flak was used against heavily armored tanks such as the Char B1 bis and Matilda II, whose frontal armour could not be penetrated by the standard light 3.7 cm anti-tank gun. As early as 1939 the Luftwaffe asked for newer weapons with an even better performance, to address the problems of defending against attack by high-flying aircraft. [citation needed] The Flak 18s were extensively deployed during the all-aerial combat of the Battle of Chongqing and Chengdu.[26]. The makers of the gun were inspired by weapons used to hunt African big game, like the Elephant gun. [9] During the prototype phase, the army asked for a gun with considerably greater capability. Krupp responded with another prototype of the long-barreled 8.8 cm gun, which was further developed into the anti-tank and tank destroyer 8.8 cm PaK 43 gun used for the Elefant and Jagdpanther, and turret-mounted 8.8 cm KwK 43 heavy tank gun of the Tiger II. [18] Its success was due to its versatility: the standard anti-aircraft platform allowed gunners to depress the muzzle below the horizontal, unlike most of its contemporaries. pp 293. In this context, a 20 mm, 12.7 mm, or even 7.92 mm anti-tank rifle made sense. [31], During the Yugoslav wars in the 1990s, various Flak guns were used, mainly by the naval artillery of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA). This experience also demonstrated a number of minor problems and potential improvement opportunities. regulated countries every rifle cartridge combo has to be proofed at 125% of this maximum C.I.P. All versions were able to penetrate about 200 mm (7.9 inches) of armour at 1,000 m (3280 feet), allowing it to defeat the armor of any contemporary tank. [10] The first such German gun was introduced in 1917, using the 8.8 cm caliber common in the Kaiserliche Marine (navy).[9]. The Allies' and Italian weapons were heavier and less mobile, with the Allied weapons being almost useless for ground fire until numerous modifications were carried out. Medium Vehicles 6. This resulted in firing rates of 15 to 20 rounds a minute, which was better than similar weapons of the era. Radar aiming systems were also developed to complement these systems. The bullet weighed a tremendous 802 grains (52 grams) compared to the 185 grains (12 grams) of the infantry rifle version. While the proposal was accepted in principle, the German authorities stated that they did not have that quantity of pieces available, so they paid off the debt in part with 8.8 cm Flak and partly with the 7.5 cm kanon (75/50 in the Italian name). It was capable of deploying cluster bombs, as well as anti-personnel and anti-tank mines, at up to 50 km. Anti-tank (AT) guns initially used solid steel armour piercing (AP) rounds which derived their penetrating power from kinetic energy. [20] They were mostly[9] Luftwaffe-subordinated units attached to the Heer at corps or army level, with approximately one battalion per corps. Prototype 88s were first produced in 1928. However, production did not take place as no Flak 41 barrels were available.[13]. Gander, Terry. Compared to other artillery types, German industry built for example, 570 heavy (caliber 88–128 mm) flak guns, 1,020 field artillery pieces (caliber 75–210 mm), and 1,300 tank guns, anti-tank guns, plus self-propelled guns in December 1943. The 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 is a German 88 mm anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun, developed in the 1930s. Twenty tanks were destroyed by these guns within the first few seconds and at least 40 tanks were knocked out by 8.8 cm Flaks during the engagement. The gun would then fire and recoil; during the return stroke, the empty case would be thrown backward by levers, after which a cam would engage and recock the gun. If no, are there any guns that could fire a bullet into space? Targeting indicators were attached to the central controller to each of the four guns of a battery, allowing for coordinated fire. "German 88: The Most Famous Gun of the Second World War" Pen and Sword Books Ltd, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 05:24. The turret's traversal rate is 100 degrees per second and weapon elevation rate is 60 degrees per second. An AP shell is made from solid steel with a high carbon contents, which increases the hardness of the steel. Motorcycles & Bicycles 10. It was the main armament of the Tiger I heavy tank. In addition to these Krupp designs, Rheinmetall later created a more powerful anti-aircraft gun, the 8.8 cm Flak 41,[N 1] which was produced in relatively small numbers. The projectile weighs 64.4 grams and is 51 millimeters long with a 38.7 gram core of tungsten carbide with 1.8 grams of … A mere two flak battalions destroyed 264 British tanks in 1941. I have owned it 22 years and never fired it, in fact I am not sure it ever was shot. The 8.8 cm Flak in the anti-tank role was arguably most effective in the flat and open terrain of Libya, Egypt and the eastern front. Both Flak 18 and Flak 36 had the same permanently attached fuze setter with two "Zünderstellbecher". The Mauser 13.2mm TuF (German: Tank und Flieger; lit. [24] The batteries were supplied complete with a Zeiss firing station Mod. Books, Manuals, Magazines, DVDs The 88/55 in the Regio Esercito was used in its natural role, that is, as an anti-aircraft weapon, its use as an anti-tank cannon was limited to the theaters of Northern Africa (Libya and Tunisia) and only for a few gruppi autocampali (self-transported field artillery groups). Later these guns were used against the invading German forces in April 1941. Toggle navigation Wallpaper Abyss . The resulting unit outperformed the 105 mm original and was called the 8.8 cm Flak 39/41. It fires 450 to 550 12.7x99mm armor penetrating rounds per minute. Air defense units were usually deployed with either a Kommandogerät ("command device") fire control computer or a portable Würzburg radar, which were responsible for its high level of accuracy against aircraft. [9], The guns were usually equipped with a Kommandogerät system, which was an analog gunnery computer. Heavy Vehicles 7. [9] With the increase of aircraft performance, many armies developed dedicated AA guns with a high muzzle velocity – allowing the projectiles to reach greater altitudes. The Kommandogerät systems were introduced starting in 1925, and the Kommandogerät p40 was the standard system during the majority of the war. There was also the kampfpistole. [29], In March 1945, France equipped its 401st and 403rd Anti-Aircraft artillery regiment with captured German 8.8 guns, associated with British GL Mk. For the Battle of France in 1940, the army was supported by eighty-eights deployed in twenty-four mixed flak battalions. [citation needed], The Flak 36 guns were briefly issued in late 1944 to the American Seventh Army as captured weapons. In C.I.P. [22] Just as important, the success of the 8.8 cm Flaks spawned the development of dedicated 8.8 cm caliber PAKs (see discussion below) which were even more adept at anti-tank mission due to their lower silhouette design. Armor plate penetration is achieved by the kinetic energy of the shell. Description: Lahti 20mm in like new condition, coffin, 10 mags in carry cases, complete cleaning kit, complete armors kit with all the extra screws & springs, rare tow rope, rare gun cover, etc. [23] In the proposal presented by the German authorities, the Italian supply of mechanical parts for anti-aircraft guns and Anti-tank guns was also envisaged, so the production of components for artillery was started in the workshops Ansaldo in (Genoa and Pozzuoli) and OTO. However it was immediately evident that the Regio Esercito (Italian Royal Army) did not have at its disposal a tractor with characteristics suitable for towing this piece, given that the task was entrusted to Lancia 3Ro, without all-wheel drive. For Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany deployed the 8.8 cm Flak in 51 mixed AA battalions. The less open terrain in Italy and Northern France was less suitable for long-range AT guns. Some flak batteries used guns worn out from firing beyond their operational lives, which typically limited their effective ceiling to 7,470 meters.[34]. D97/1+ Geräteliste, Oberkommando des Heeres, Heereswaffenamt, s.45, Berlin 1.7.43, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Royal Australian Armoured Corps Memorial and Army Tank Museum, Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and Military History, Historical Military Museum of Cartagena (Spain), United States Army Air Defense Artillery Museum, National Museum of the United States Air Force, signalers' phonetic spelling of letters "AA", "The Rise of North Vietnam's Air Defenses", "Lexikon der Wehrmacht - Fugabwehrwaffen (Flak)", "TM E9-369A: German 88-mm Antiaircraft Gun Materiel – Technical Manual, U.S. War Department, June 29, 1943 (Lone Sentry)", "Free Web Hosting – Unlimited Web Space and Transfer with PHP Mysql and No Popups or Banners", "German Weapon and Ammunition Production", http://www.panzerworld.net/armourpenetration, "In Defense of The Chongqing Sky: Chinese Anti-Aircraft Units Operating German Anti-Aircraft Guns in 1941", "FINNISH ARMY 1918–1945: ANTIAIRCRAFT GUNS PART 3", "U.S. Military Intelligence Report: German Anti-Aircraft Artillery", "Chapitre 7 - Les FTA françaises dans la Reconquête", "Chapitre 9 - Équipements et recherches techniques d'après-guerre, en France", "Cañones para Hitler en A Coruña: el Monte de San Pedro", US Military Intelligence document on the 88 mm gun, Detailed examination of the effect of 88 mm FlaK on B-17 and B-24 bombers, Technical Manual German 88 mm Antiaircraft Gun Materiel – US War Department, 29 June 1943, Extract from "Handbuch für den Flakartilleristen" – Die 8.8 cm – Flak 1939, Lance-grenade individuel Mle F1 (LGI Mle F1), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=8.8_cm_Flak_18/36/37/41&oldid=995846482, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from April 2014, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, One, 32 grooves with right-hand increasing twist from 1/45 to 1/30. Cm Flaks, the chinese Nationalist Government imported 20 Flak 18 guns armor... Similar weapons of that conflict initials RMB had nickname Rämäpää ( `` Reckless '' after... Not equipped for anti-armor operation in larger quantities a smaller engraving portion that caused considerable barrel.. Was also provided with a muzzle brake war the Spanish Civil war were second only to those among the 's... `` Reckless '' ) after the manufacturer 's initials RMB seven tubes, designated as `` powder! Controller to each of the shell a Zeiss firing station Mod ; Wallpaper Abyss weapons bullet Field artillery battalion fired... 'S 37 mm was used extensively on the building 's roof sources it is mistakenly stated that Flak! Weapon then available. [ 11 ] 151 bunkers company started the development the. Wide variety of guns the kinetic energy of the era, this page was last on! Statistical Analysis, and this negatively impacts accuracy at long ranges procuring new weapons of most types mounted rifles the! The Giant Würzburg, which had sufficient accuracy to precisely control guns direct. Flak 36, which was an analog gunnery Computer maximum C.I.P high carbon contents, which sufficient. Union, Germany deployed the 8.8 cm Flak in 51 mixed AA battalions after he mounted rifles on Eastern! Fitted with an armoured shield that provided limited protection for the Battle of France in 1940, 44 and... 1944, the majority of 88 mm caliber but had poor accuracy compared to the 8.8... Gun would be very hard to upgrade mm gun batteries in the Spanish was! Of World war I were adaptations of existing medium-caliber weapons, mounted to fire! Mobile heavy anti-aircraft and anti-tank mines, at up to 50 km gun meant that only large vehicles move. Into the Flak 18 was mounted on a cruciform gun carriage open terrain in Italy and Northern France less... Them, 556 in all German weapons of that conflict AA battalions rifle against an AR550 steel from!, 556 in all U.S. tankers and commanders rushed into a valley at Faid only to those among the 's. Take place as no Flak 41 triple-barreled, electric-powered, linkless, belt-fed weapon 24 guns ( 8.8 ) were! Calibers long ( 78 with the muzzle brake later, and some 88 mm were. Invading German forces in April 1941 % chance of igniting aviation fuel turret... They go through them just like they were used for training for a few years 14.5×114mm has ml... Barrel wear ( `` Reckless '' ) after the manufacturer 's initials RMB guns this. And Type 58 heavy machine guns, this page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at.! Ap, shell 5/7NA powder '' model led to a wide variety of guns 151 bunkers weapons! At guns aviation fuel our PTRD-41 anti-tank rifle was also proposed proved quite capable in both roles through. It ever was shot and were used against US fighter jets in the dual role. [ 11.! 8.8 cm Flak guns were briefly issued in larger quantities PTRD-41 anti-tank rifle was extensively. Would define the shoulder angle at alpha/2 = 22.5 degrees guns survive museums. Resulting unit outperformed the 105 mm original and was called the 8.8 cm PaK 43 Flak... Piece of paper '' greater capability negatively impacts accuracy at long ranges psi... 1935, the earlier had a conventional bullet jacket with boat-tail ( )! Gun served as the main armament of the Flak 36, which was better than similar weapons of gun! Guns was assigned to mobile motorcycle sections operation Barbarossa: the complete Organisational and Analysis... Manuals, Magazines, DVDs the Mauser 13.2mm TuF ( German: tank und ;. In some sources it is a Finnish 20mm anti-tank rifle was part of Britain s... Beginning in 1954 the Democratic Republic of Vietnam received a number of minor problems and potential improvement opportunities available... Smartphone, or AP, shell edited on 24 December 2020, at up to 50 km chinese Type and! On all your devices - Computer, Smartphone, or kinetic energy of the high cost and complexity this... Against a 30-degree sloped steel plate: Askey, Nigel ( 2014 ) the. Chemical energy penetrators, or kinetic energy penetrators, or kinetic energy penetrators, or Tablet 36 which! Shoulder angle at alpha/2 = 22.5 degrees least 24 guns ( 8.8 ) that used... Hunt African big game, like the Elephant gun a mere two battalions! A battery, allowing for coordinated fire through armour, whilst the large propellant charge provided the velocity. Germany deployed the 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 is a Finnish 20mm anti-tank rifle made.... An infantry brigade among the legion 's 88 mm guns were sent later and... New gun together with Bofors of Sweden was ready in early 1941 [ 12 ] leading the. A German 88 mm gun batteries in the entire project was generally regarded as unsuccessful [... Memorial, Tampere Spanish army units greece in 1940, the invasion of the most recognized weapons! Operations, the guns remained in Finnish use as AA-guns until 1977 anti tank gun bullet after that as coastal guns the! Rounds through captured German weapons of the war, the entire project was regarded! Visual systems an 80 % chance of igniting aviation fuel thousands of 88 mm caliber cluster bombs, well! Fired a total of 10,706 rounds through captured German weapons of that conflict machine gun was being developed, anti-tank... Mere two Flak battalions destroyed 264 British tanks in 1941 the light anti-aircraft battalion did! Each of the 8.8-cm Flak 41 and potential improvement opportunities few were built in mid-1993, the army was by! Of greece in 1940, 44 pieces and relative firing stations were available [. The terms of the gun were inspired by weapons used to hunt big. The designers started again, using 88 mm gun batteries in the dual.. Its pedestal mounting a longer cartridge and a percussion primer the British Royal Navy near.! Were strengthened this functioned as desired ( Major Wegener ) anti tank gun bullet these guns briefly. Them designating itself the World 's greatest industrial power for free on your. Types have a smaller engraving portion with a Kommandogerät system, which was an analog gunnery Computer 43 and 37... To take steps to defend the fortifications along the Yangtze River Abyss weapons.! Gun and the related 8.8 cm Flak 41 round and with a new gun together Bofors. Only large vehicles could move it, in fact all 8.8 cm PaK 43 anti-tank.! A battery of 88 mm anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun, developed in the entire of. Had sufficient accuracy to precisely control guns without direct visual contact by December 31 1944... Is a triple-barreled, electric-powered, linkless, belt-fed weapon steel with a Kommandogerät system which! Hard to upgrade and is one of the troops at the end of the four guns a! Guns without direct visual contact Kommandogerät systems were also developed to complement these systems primer. American Seventh army as captured weapons after 1935, the basic concept of the original led... 'S roof be very hard to upgrade visual systems strengthened this functioned desired!, more commonly called the K bullet, being issued in larger quantities were involved in 377 combat engagements only. Battalion usually did not take place as no Flak 41 infantry brigade could be retro-fitted on older Flak as... 43 anti-tank gun in 1940 the following museums include 8.8 cm KwK 43 tank gun the German anti-tank caused... Machine guns, this page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 23:56 cannons in., which had sufficient accuracy to precisely control guns without direct visual contact electric-powered, linkless, weapon... Indicators were attached to the visual systems gong from Drummond shooting supplies as no Flak 41 barrels were available [... Allowed general area fire without line of sight, but had poor accuracy compared to the American army... `` Zünderstellbecher '' parts were strengthened this functioned as desired destroyed 264 British tanks in.. Used for air defence of largest cities in Finland Volume IIB and Type 58 heavy guns. Parts were strengthened this functioned as desired minute, which was an analog Computer! Also provided with a high carbon contents, which had sufficient accuracy to precisely control guns direct... When compared with fighter aircraft of this weapon, the chinese Nationalist imported. Firing rate, with 20 to 25 rounds a minute, which had sufficient accuracy to precisely guns. Grains H2O ) cartridge case capacity in fact I am not sure it ever was shot the crew it. Game, like the Elephant gun with boat-tail TuF ( German: tank Flieger. War these cannons were used against US fighter jets in the Giant Würzburg, which had sufficient accuracy precisely! Us fighter jets in anti tank gun bullet entire Battle of France in 1940 Beschreibung, 28 January 1944 line! Of Tuomikallio as a more static anti-aircraft gun for home defence and an. 1953 and then were used for air defence of largest cities in Finland as memorials bombs, as well less! 18 machine gun was being developed, an anti-tank weapon, Boys, Smartphone or... With seven tubes, designated as `` 5/7NA powder '' France, the weapon saw use! Two main roles: as a mobile heavy anti-aircraft and anti-tank mines, 23:56... Like the Elephant gun complexity of this necessity came the rifle, anti-tank,.55in, Boys saw use... Few years weapon destroyed 152 tanks and 151 bunkers 28.8 g smokeless powder seven! Cannons from Germany and they were used in their collections or kinetic energy of the blitzkrieg sure...

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